• Ambbali Bhattacharyya Dutta

How to draw a Watercolour Landscape ?

Rad Educators is a 1 year program intended to help beginner artist learn step-by-step techniques from professional artists across different mediums. This is in no way sponsored or promoted by any particular Art Brand.


Ambbali Dutta is Rad Educator for Watercolour Landscape & Portrait.


Step 1 : Painting the Sky


For the sky, I have used cenerous blue. I have used no. 2  mop brush from Art Essentials. I have used clear water as a base so that the pigment spreads well and creates a smooth soft effect. This is called wet on wet technique. This technique is very useful for creating a soft base for the sky. The Paper I have used here is Hahnemuhle  300 gsm cold-pressed. 


Step 2 : Creating a base layer


I have painted the base of the background that defined the house. For the background, I have used Yellow ochre and wet on wet technique for the soft look. As the source of the light is from the right and I have painted the darker side of the house with Payne's grey and cenerour blue (mixed).


Step 3 : Adding effects in the Sky


At this stage, My concentration was to build up the drama behind the house. There is a decent amount of sunlight falling on the bushes and And my intention is to capture the freshness and the vibrancy. I have used Sap green and lemon yellow mixed for the background trees. Sap green and orange for the bushes which are comparatively drier and having golden leaves.



Step 4 : Adding Shadows to the background


Still working on the background. This time I am using darker Hues - sap green mixed with cobalt blue. I am painting the intense darker areas where the light is reaching and creating a beautiful contrast.


Step 5 : Adding flowers and background elements


I have added some french vermilion red to give a hint of flower. My purpose is here to create an ambiance of spring-summer with a bright sunny sky, loads of freshness and some golden leaves, and some summer buds here and there waiting to blossom. My vision is to achieve that freshness in this specific painting.. for the ground i have used burnt sienna wet on wet.


Step 6 : Painting the Tree


Here I am concentrating on the tree. The tree is barren and waiting for new leave to come on her branches. It's a good contrast with the background. Also, the tree adds a kind of perspective to the house. I have used burnt umber and Payne's grey for the tree. I have used Escoda 0 rigger brush to paint the branches. Whenever you paint thin branches start from the bottom and end abruptly towards the up. It should be very spontaneous and fast, not very defined.


After finishing the tree I am painting the doors and window of the house.  the color i am using in Pathalo green.

Step 7 : Painting the second house


The right side or front side of the house is the soul of the painting if you are asking. Everything else is just used to enhance and manipulate the light falling on this area. The background bushes the darker side of the main house and especially the second house on the right which is against the light - are all complimenting the soul of the painting. For the second house, I have used cobalt blue and Payne's grey for the wall and burnt umber and deep orange for the tiles. the value is 3 times darker than the main house.

At this stage, I have also added some details to the window and the door. I mixed Payne's grey with Pathalo green to create the darker value of the same pigment. 

On the ground, I have added some shadow of the small barrier. I have used pathalo green only for that.




Step 8 : Adding the details to the houses


This is the finishing stage almost. I added some details to the roof. And the shadow of the roof falling on the white wall. I have used ultramarine blue and Payne's grey to achieve that. Added some details, some hints of the bricks to the left wall of the house.  Added details to the second house as well. since that house is just supporting the main house I am not doing any elaborate details. There is a shadow of the house falling on the main house on the white wall. I have used very light Paynes grey to achieve that transparent effect.


Step 9 : Painting the roof


Here, I am adding a few details to the roof. Using a mix of french vermillion and deep orange.  I do not want to paint every minute details of the tiles on the roof but, just added few suggestive strokes. 


Step 10 : The Final Touches


Here is the final Outcome. A Beautiful cottage from an old fisherman village, looking surreal under the sun. it is a bright sunny day with a clear sky, a sense of freshness ..some colors of the impending summer. the spring is going and the summer is almost reaching the door. A house soaked in the afternoon Sun waiting to welcome his owner after hard day work.



Hope you enjoyed the process. The complete tutorial video is available on my youtube. You can watch me creating a painting there. If you recreate this tag me on my Instagram for feedback and reviews. 


Check the Video here -




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